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Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

Dhritrashtra marries Gandhari who blindfolds herself for life to share her husband’s condition Pandu marries Kunti and Madri unaware that Kunti has a secret in her past. Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

The story of the secret in Kunti’s past starts when she was a young woman growing up in her uncle Kuntibhoj’s court She was wise and full of life.

The king, her adopted father loved her as his own daughter. One day sage Durwasa paid a visit to the court of Kuntibhoj. Durwasa was known for his fierce temper and his habit of laying a curse on the people for the slightest of offence.

Everyone in the palace from ministers to serving maids was scared of the legendry sage. Everyone except Kunti. Kunti served the sage with good cheer and kept him company. She spoke her mind and engaged him in a spirited conversation. Durwasa who was used to people fearing him and keeping their distance was delighted with Kunti. Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

When the time came for Durwasa to go he gave Kunti a gift, He whispered in her ear a Mantra. When the innocent Kunti asked him what the mantra was for. He only told it was a way for her to summon any God she wants. Kunti was confused. Sometime after Durwasa had left, Kunti decided to test the gift he had given. She beheld the blazing sun in the sky and spoke the Mantra.

In no time Suryadev, the Sun-god stood before her in all his glory. Kunti was in shock and could not answer God when he asked her why she had summoned him. As she stood in the blinding light of the celestial being Kunti realized that the mantra was not merely a way to summon a God. Suryadev took Kunti into his embrace, she was lost in his light. Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

When the light faded and Surya left, Kunti found in her arms a child. He was the most beautiful thing she had seen in her life. He was born with golden earrings and was armoured as well. Kunti could sense that he was destined for greatness. But she also understood how impossible it was for her to keep him and to claim him as her son. She was after all unmarried. With a heavy heart, Kunti did what no mother should ever have to do. She paved her son in a basket and took it to the bank of a river There she cried in anguish and showered his smiling son with blessings. She looked up to the sun and begged Suryadev to watch over him. Then she placed the basket on the waves and watched it float away.

Somewhere far from Hastinapur, a young man by the name of Karna lived a humble life with his parents His father was a suta — a charioteer. He knew, however, that he was different somehow and that he was meant for great things. His body, for example, wore enchanted armour and his ears had beautiful golden kundals. He had had these gifts for as long as he could remember. Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

One day, he asked his mother about these gifts and the burning desire in his heart to fight and pursue the life of a Kshatriya. In response, Karna’s mother told him the story of how he came to be in this family. She told him that years ago, his father had found him floating in the river in a basket. He had brought the baby home with him.

The armour and the rings on his ears had grown as he had grown into a man. Having thus understood that he was really a Kshatriya, Karna set out to learn the ways of war. He sought out the greatest master of arms he could find — Drona. But Drona told him what he had told Ekalavya – that he only taught Kshatriyas.

Karna could have told Drona that he was a Kshatriya, but he did not do so because that would mean demeaning the parents who had brought him up. Karna returned home disheartened and wept in silence. His parents, who knew he was suffering because he bore the label “suta Putra”, blamed themselves. But Karna never spoke to them about this. He was and would remain his entire life, someone who bears his pains in silence.  Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

Karna’s mother was surprised one morning when he came running to her and spoke breathlessly about having found a teacher. She asked him if the guru will teach him despite him not being a Kshatriya. And if he would be he a guru of repute.

Karna answered by saying that this was a guru beyond any other. His fame spanned ages and there was no one greater than him in all the realms. And this was also a guru who would never – not even a thousand years – ever teach the art of war to a Kshatriya. When Karna the soot-Putra appeared before the legendary avatar of Vishnu and begged to be accepted as his student, the only question Parshuram asked him was if he was a Kshatriya.

Every fabric of Karna’s being wanted to fight. But he knew why Parshuram asked him this question. In ages past, this Brahmin had picked up his axe and wiped the earth clean of Kshatriyas – not once but twenty-one times. Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

Karna, who had been rejected by all teachers he had approached, told Parshuram that he was not a Kshatriya, but a Brahmin just like him. Parshuram accepted the young man as his disciple. He saw seeds of greatness in Karna and taught him all there was to know about the art of war.

Karna learnt with eagerness and made himself into one of Parshuram’s most illustrious students. Karna quickly became an archer par excellence and learnt the use of devastras which could devastate entire worlds. Parshuram imparted to him knowledge of the highest secrets and the most dangerous ways of fighting.

One day, Parshuram was resting in the noonday sun and he laid his head on Karna’s thigh. A scorpion emerged from the grass and stung Karna. Karna felt the pain and ignored it so as to not disturb his beloved teacher’s nap. Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

When Parshuram awoke and found that Karna was bleeding from the sting He inquired about it, Karna told him that he had quietly suffered the pain of a scorpion sting. He was very surprised to see his teacher losing his temper. Parshuram accused Karna of being a Kshatriya. He said that no Brahmin could have remained silent through such pain. Everything Karna said in his defence fell on deaf ears.

Parshuram said that Karna had betrayed his trust and drove him out and laid a curse upon him in addition He said that the day that Karna needs his skills the most, he would forget them. After the Pandavas and the Kauravas learnt all they could from Kripacharya and Drona, to test their skills, a tournament was organised so the cousins could exhibit their talents before the royal family and the public. Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

In the tournament, Arjuna displayed his extraordinary skills in archery and the use of weapons. All who saw Arjuna were lost in admiration and wonder. This was when Karna, who had learnt the art of war from Parshuram himself, appeared before the crowds. He wanted to challenge Arjuna’s skills. To show his might, Karna performed feats that outshone everything Arjuna had done so far. Arjuna was greatly insulted. Since Karna was not invited to the tournament, he was refused the title of victor To prove their strength over Karna, the Pandavas said they were ready to battle him.

However, before the battle between the Pandavas and Karna could commence, Kripacharya, the teacher of the Pandavas, stepped in. He announced that combat could not be staged without knowledge of Karna’s lineage Karna had to be of royal blood to fight the Pandavas. All Karna could tell them about his lineage was that he had been discovered in a basket floating down the river and brought up by a humble charioteer and his wife.

As the Pandavas laughed at Karna, what they did not notice was that their mother Kunti had fainted upon hearing this. Surprisingly, it was Duryodhan who stepped in and saved Karna from further humiliation. To make him worthy of challenging the Pandavas, Duryodhan declared Karna the King of Anga, a kingdom under him.

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Story Of Karna In Mahabharata

Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

Bhishma (Sanskrit: भीष्‍म, IAST: Bhīṣma, lit. ‘terrible’), also known as Pitamaha, Gangaputra, and Devavrata, was a statesman of Kuru Kingdom and one of the most powerful warriors in the epic Mahabharata. He was the eighth and only surviving son of the Kuru King Shantanu and the river goddess Ganga. Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

One day sixteen years after his wife left him, King Shantanu of Hastinapur found himself back on the banks of the Ganga. He missed his wife and the son she had taken with her. Shantanu’s sadness was interrupted by the sounds of fighting. He found that a young archer had tamed the mighty river Ganga with a barrage of arrows. Shantanu had never seen such skill or such daring. Ganga Putra bhishma photos

Then Ganga appeared to him. Shantanu’s happiness knew no bounds when he was told that this radiant young man was none other than his own long lost son. His name was Devavrat. Before Ganga left them, she told Shantanu that Devavrat had been taught the art of war by the warrior sage Parshuram himself And it was sage Vashishtha who had taught him knowledge of the Shastras.  A happy Shantanu brought back to his kingdom its new prince. The people of Hastinapur could not be happier. They loved their future king. Time passed as it always does. Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

Before long, Shantanu was in love again. He lost his heart to a fisherman’s daughter by the name of Satyavati and asked her to marry him. But Satyavati refused Shantanu, even though he was a king. It was her father’s belief that even if Satyavati became Shantanu’s queen, her children would never be kings. They would always remain secondary to Prince Devavrat’s children. There was nothing to be done. Shantanu could not deprive his son Devavrat of his birthright. Ganga Putra bhishma photos

So he returned home alone, heartbroken once again. Back at the palace, his unhappiness was all too visible. He stopped meeting people and attending to his kingly duties. Prince Devavrat noticed this. He could not allow his father to suffer in this manner. Devavrat decided to take matters into his own hands. He decided to go reason with the fisherman and his daughter himself. Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

To soothe the pain in his father’s heart Prince Devavrat paid a visit to Satyavati’s father and begged him to allow his daughter to marry King Shantanu. But the fisherman remained adamant. Even when Devavrat agreed to give up the throne which was his by birthright, the fisherman said that there was no guarantee that Devavrat’s children would not assert their right to the throne of Hastinapur He was, after all, the King’s first-born son. It was then that Devavrat swore an oath. It was an oath that shook the earth and the heavens. Ganga Putra bhishma photos

It was an oath that would echo down the corridors of history and eventually bring about a war that would reshape Bharatavarsha. Devavrat vowed that he would never marry. He vowed to never father any children. Before all the gods, he swore this, for the sake of his father’s happiness. And thus it was that Devavrat the kind, came to be known as Bhishma – he of the terrible oath. Ganga Putra bhishma photos

The prince’s solemn vow stole the fisherman’s courage from him. He did not object when Bhishma took Satyavati – his future mother – with him and rode towards Hastinapur. When the prince united King Shantanu with the woman he loved, he expected his father to be happy But instead, the king felt as if his feeble heart had brought ruin upon his kingdom A sense of doom filled his heart. Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

However, he recognized his son’s sacrifice and granted him a boon. He declared that his virtuous son would be able to choose the moment of his death. Without his consent, death will not be able to touch him. Bhishma kept his promise. He watched over the throne of Hastinapur like a silent guardian. Under him, the kingdom remained strong. No enemy dared cross paths with the legendary son of Ganga.

After the passing of King Shantanu, Bhishma acted like a father to his two half brothers Chitrangad and Vichitraveerya. He taught them statecraft and brought them up to be capable administrators. But before long, Chitrangad battled a Gandharva and was killed Vichitraveerya, who was not in good health, became king of Hastinapur. Bhishma feared that if something happened to his brother, there was no one to inherit the throne of Hastinapur. Bhishma decided to get his brother a wife, and soon. Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

He stormed into the court of Kashi on the day of the Swayamvara and kidnapped the three princesses of that kingdom They were called Amba, Ambika, and Ambalika. After Bhishma brought back the three princesses of Kashi to Hastinapur, the eldest of them pleaded with him to be allowed to go to king Shalva – the man she loved Bhishma apologized to her and said she could go wherever she liked. Her sisters Ambika and Ambalika however, stayed back and were welcomed by Queen Satyavati. Ganga Putra bhishma photos

Amba thanked Bhishma and set out happily to meet King Shalva. She was sure that her beloved will welcome her with open arms and they would live happily ever after. But when she reached Shalva’s court, she was met by rejection.

King Shalva told her that he could not accept her as she had been taken by another man He said that to do so would mean humiliation for him and advised her to go back to Bhishma and beg him to marry her As far as Shalva was concerned, Amba belonged to Bhishma. Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

With her heart in a thousand pieces, Amba returned to Hastinapur and told Bhishma of what had happened She asked him to marry her and rid her of the shame of belonging nowhere But Bhishma said no to her plea as his vow of celibacy prevented him from marrying. Amba had no place in his life. Amba grew furious! She accused Bhishma of ruining her life She asked Bhishma that if he did not intend to marry her, what reason did he have for dragging her away from her Swayamvar. She blamed him for all the misfortune that had befallen her. She declared that she will not rest till she had punished him for his crime. Amba set out to find someone who would exact her vengeance. But no matter where she looked, there was no warrior or king who would dare challenge. Bhishma Ganga Putra bhishma photos

The legend of the son of Ganga was everywhere. Out of fear and respect for Bhishma, everyone refused to be Amba’s champion. All hope lost, Amba went to Sage Parshuram, who was believed to be an avatar of Vishnu and had once even been a teacher to Bhishma. Parshuram gave Amba hope. He said he will convince Bhishma to marry her Parshuram had spoken too soon. When it became clear that the son of Ganga would never give up his vow of celibacy, the angry sage challenged his disciple to a fight to the death

Bhishma and Parshuram fought fiercely. Each warrior exhausted all his strength and skill on the other, but to no avail. At the end of 23 days of fighting, there was still no winner. Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

Bhishma could not kill Parshuram – the warrior and the avatar. Parshuram could not kill Bhishma, the demigod blessed with ichchha-mrityu The combatants were too evenly matched. There was not going to be a solution to this problem. Ganga Putra bhishma photos

Eventually, Bhishma’s will prevailed and Parshuram gave up Amba did not get her revenge that day. But as she left the battlefield, it was clear that she had not lost hopes of one day becoming the reason for Bhishma’s death.

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Who is Bhishma Pitamah in Serial?

Story Of Shantanu And Satyavati

The story of the Mahabharata can be said to begin at many points of the narrative. But if you come to understand the Epic from the point of view that it is an account of how karma functions then it becomes clear that every event is both a result of what happened before it as well as a cause of what followed. story of Shantanu and Satyavati in Hindi

So let us start our story on the day when King Shantanu of Hastinapur was on the bank of the Ganga. And fell in love with the resplendent river goddess. Shantanu asked her to marry him Ganga said yes. But she also had him promise her that he would never question her decisions.

The love-struck king agreed to all that she asked. For a time they were happy and the people of Hastinapur were happy with them. But when the couple had their first child, queen Ganga drowned it. King Shantanu was devastated but he kept his promise, he asked his wife no questions.

He said nothing as one by one queen Ganga killed their next six children. But when their eighth child was about to meet a similar end, Shantanu could no longer hold his silence. When he asked his wife why she had killed their children he was told about 8 Vasus who had been cursed to live mortal lives for a crime committed long ago. story of Shantanu and Satyavati in Hindi

Ganga had agreed to give birth to the 8 celestial spirits and free them from mortality as soon as they came into this world. After telling Shantanu the truth Ganga left him and she took with her his one remaining son. Shantanu was in love again He lost his heart to a fisherman’s daughter by the name of Satyavati and asked her to marry him. But Satyavati refused Shantanu, even though he was a king.

It was her father’s belief that even if Satyavati became Shantanu’s queen, her children would never be kings. They would always remain secondary to Prince Devavrat’s children. There was nothing to be done. Shantanu could not deprive his son Devavrat of his birthright. So he returned home alone, heartbroken once again. Back at the palace, his unhappiness was all too visible. He stopped meeting people and attending to his kingly duties. Prince Devavrat noticed this. He could not allow his father to suffer in this manner Devavrat decided to take matters into his own hands. He decided to go reason with the fisherman and his daughter himself.

To soothe the pain in his father’s heart Prince Devavrat paid a visit to Satyavati’s father and begged him to allow his daughter to marry King Shantanu. But the fisherman remained adamant. Even when Devavrat agreed to give up the throne which was his by birthright, the fisherman said that there was no guarantee that Devavrat’s children would not assert their right to the throne of Hastinapur He was, after all, the King’s first-born son. It was then that Devavrat swore an oath. It was an oath that shook the earth and the heavens. It was an oath that would echo down the corridors of history and eventually bring about a war that would reshape Bharatavarsha. story of Shantanu and Satyavati in Hindi

Devavrat vowed that he would never marry. He vowed to never father any children. Before all the gods, he swore this, for the sake of his father’s happiness. And thus it was that Devavrat the kind, came to be known as Bhishma – he of the terrible oath. The prince’s solemn vow stole the fisherman’s courage from him He did not object when Bhishma took Satyavati – his future mother – with him and rode towards Hastinapur.

When the prince united King Shantanu with the woman he loved he expected his father to be happy. But instead, the king felt as if his feeble heart had brought ruin upon his kingdom A sense of doom filled his heart.

However, he recognized his son’s sacrifice and granted him a boon. He declared that his virtuous son would be able to choose the moment of his death. Without his consent, death will not be able to touch him.

After the passing of King Shantanu, Bhishma acted like a father to his two half brothers Chitrangad and Vichitraveerya. He taught them statecraft and brought them up to be capable administrators. But before long, Chitrangad battled a Gandharva and was killed. Vichitraveerya, who was not in good health, became king of Hastinapur.

Bhishma feared that if something happened to his brother, there was no one to inherit the throne of Hastinapur. Bhishma decided to get his brother a wife, and soon.

He stormed into the court of Kashi on the day of the Swayamvara and kidnapped the three princesses of that kingdom. They were called Amba, Ambika, and Ambalika. It was not long before a terrible illness took king Vichitravirya’s life. His death brought twin tragedies on Hastinapur. Not only the kingdom didn’t have a king it now also didn’t have a prince. story of Shantanu and Satyavati in Hindi

Despite there being two queens in the palace Vichitravirya had died childless. Queen mother Satyawati decided that Bheeshm celibacy had gone on for long enough. She ordered him to father the children of Ambika and Ambalika. He was after all the only surviving son of king Shantanu. But Bheeshm remained steadfast and said that he will not marry, Even when Satyawati asked him to choose a bride from other kingdoms, Bheeshm did not budge.

Helpless Satyawati was to tell her son a secret that she had kept hidden all her life. She told Bheeshm that he had a brother, a son that Satywati had before she met king Shantanu.

Once When Satyawati had been a young woman known as Matsyagandha, a sage by the name Parashar had fallen for her. Their secret love had created Vyas. A child blessed by Parashar to be the greatest poet the world had ever seen. Since Satyawati could not keep the miracle child with her, she sent him away.

Vyas, who grew into a man within moments promised his mother that he would appear whenever she summons him. That time Satyawati told Bheeshm had now come. Vyas came when Satyawati called upon him. She asked him to father the children of Ambika and Ambalika. Bheeshm was relieved at the thought that the throne of Hastinapur won’t go empty. The shock of it however was too much for the widows of Vichitravirya.

Sage Vyas was not pleasant to look at. And the sight of him had already struck terror into their hearts. In their fears was the future of Hastinapur. As per his mother Satyavati’s wish, Ved Vyasa paid a visit to Ambika. But the young queen could not contain her fright when she saw the uncouth-looking sage She did not resist when the sage took her into his embrace, but she closed her eyes.

When Vyasa told Satyavati that as a result of Ambika’s fear, the child born to her will be blind, Satyavati was frustrated. What good will a blind king do, she wondered

Since Vyasa was to visit Ambalika next, she warned the younger queen to keep her eyes open at all costs. Ambalika did as she was told, but she was no less afraid of Vyasa When Vyasa took her into his arms, she turned pale with fear. Later, Vyasa told Satyavati that her child would be born pale and will suffer bad health. story of Shantanu and Satyavati in Hindi

Satyavati was furious In her anger, she asked Vyasa to pay Ambalika a second visit. But when Vyasa did so, the frightened Ambalika sent in her place a servant girl. When the servant girl faced Vyasa, there was no fear in her eyes or her heart. She accepted the ugly-looking forest-dwelling sage with love. Time passed, and the three women gave birth to the future of Hastinapur. Ambika gave birth to Dhritarashtra, who was blind, as foretold by Vyasa, but he grew to be strong and kind.

Ambalika gave birth to Pandu, who was pale and weak, but he grew to be a great archer who was loved by the people of Hastinapur. The servant girl gave birth to a child called Vidura, who grew to be one of the wisest and most learned men in the land. Vidura even came to be considered an avatar of Yama – the God of truth and death.

The three young men grew up under the tutelage of their uncle Bhishma and were taught all there was to know about politics, warfare, and the shastras. But even as they grew, there was an unspoken rivalry between Dhritarashtra and Pandu.

Bhishma never noticed this. Vidura did. There were too many contenders for the throne of Hastinapur now.

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Story of Shantanu and Satyavati in Hindi

Biography Of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar

1

Jab hum azaadi ke sangharsh ki baat karte hain ya desh ki azaadi ki baat karte hain, pehla naam jo hum sab ko yaad aata hai wo hai Mahatma Gandhi ka. Jinhe Rashtrpita bhi kaha jata hai. Bharat ki aazadi ki ladai ek aisi ghatna thhi jo lambe arse tak chali thi jisme kai jaane-maane netao ne yogdaan diya thha jaise ki Subhash Chandra Bose, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bipin Chandra Pal, Rabindranath Tagore, Bhagat Singh aadi. In sabhi netao mein wo BR Ambedkar thhe jinhe Babasaheb bhi kaha jata hai. Biography Of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

Aise kaii kisse sunne ko milte hain jab netao ne ek nayak ki bhoomika nibhaate huey desh ko azaadi dilwayi thi. Inme se kai kahaniyaN ya toh bahut kam prasiddh hain ya log unse avgat hi nahi hain. Isliye ye naainsaafi hogi agar hum kisi ek ke Gaurav ka bakhaan karein aur ek ko bhool jaayein. Jis samay humara samaj jaativaad ke sakht niyamo se kasaa hua tha, BR Ambedkar ne apne sampradaay ke liye awaaz uthayi jinhe achhoot

kaha jata tha. Ek nimna-vargeeya pariwar mein janm lene waale BR Ambedkar ne pehle apni shiksha se sabhi staro ko naapa aur fir azaadi ki ladai se jud gaye. Apni shiksha poori karne ke baad, unnees-sau-bees mein Ambedkar ne ek saptahik Marathi akhbar shuru kiya, MOOKNAYAK naam ka ye akhbar dabe hue vargo ki awaaz bana.

Aane wale varsho me, Ambedkar ne kai sabhaon me bhaag liya aur sarvjanik bhaashano me nimn varg ke uddhar ki baat kahi. 1924 mein, Ambedkar ne bahishkri hitkarini sabha ki khoj ki jiske uddeshya the shiksha, dabe hue vargo ka nirman aur uddhaar. Pichde vargo ko upar lene ki unki koshisho ne kabhi rukne ka naam nahi liya.

1950 mein unhone achhoot bachcho ke liye Barshi me hostel khole. Ambedkar ne acchooto ko chavdar tank ko chhone ki anumati dilane ke liye ladai ladi aur san 1927 mein Mahad mein Satyagrah ki shuruwat ki. Unhe isliye bhi yaad kiya jata hai kyunki 1927 me unhone samaj samata sangh ki sthapana ki thi. Biography Of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

Biography Of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

Ek aur mehtvpoorn avsar tha jo 1927 me hua jab BR ambedkar ne sarvjanik roop se manu ke updesho – Hindu sootr Manusmriti ki ninda kii. Unhone kaha ki paramparik pustak jaativaad aur acchoot jaisi samajik kureetiyo ko badhava deta hai. Isliye unhone pracheen pustak ko jala diya aur 25 december 1927 me unhone apne anuyayiyo ko bhi manusmriti jalane ke liye sehyog diya. Tabhi se, 25 December vaarshik star par dalito aur ambedkar ke anuyayiyo dwara manusmriti dahan din ke taur par manaya jata hai. (Who is the No 1 Scholar in world?)

Montague Chelmsford sudhar ko shuru karne ke baad, 1928 me british Sarkar ne bharat ke saavnidhanik sudhar ki dekhrekh ke liye Simon commission ko bharat bheja. Bhartiya kanoon committee ke sakhsya ke liye ambedkar ne kadam badhaya aur Bombay presidency committee ayog ke sadasya ban gaye.  1930 me, nasik me kalaram mandir me acchhooto ka pravesh maanya karane ke liye Ambedkar ne ek satyagrah ki shuruwat kii. Unke sabhi anuyayi mandir me ikattha hue aur sabne nasik me ek bohot bada juloos nikala. 1930 aur 1932 ke beech me Ambedkar ne achooto ko aage karte hue round table sammelan kiya. Jab 1932 me Mahatama Gandhi ne maut aane tak Anshan liya, Ambedkar unse baat karne aye. Is vartalaap ko poona act ke naam se jana gaya. Is se Gandhi ji ka Anshan poora ho gaya aur dalito ko ek alag nirvachan varg mil gaya jis se wo british bharat me rajya vaidhanik assembly ke sadasya ka chunav kar sakte the.

1935 mein, Ambedkar ne aytihasik roopantaran sammelan ke adhyaksh ke roop me adhyakshta kii. Is sammelan me, Ambedkar ne apne anuyayiyo se kaha ki unhe hindu dharm chhor dena chahiye aur kisi anya dharm ko gale laga lena chahiye. Usi saal, Ambedkar ko sammelan ki adhyakshta karne Lahore ke Jaat-Paat Todak Mandal dwara nyota diya gaya tha. Ambedkar ne jaativaad ko mitaane ke liye apna bhaashan taiyyar kiya tha. Sammelan ke radd ho jane par Ambedkar ko apna bhashan chhapwane ke liye ek kitab prakashit karwani padi, jiska naam tha “Jaatiyo ka naash”. Biography Of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

Ambedkar ne dalito ki stithi ke utthan ke liye lagatar kaam kiya. Aur isey aage badhane ke liye, 1936 me unhone bambai vidhan parishad me ek vipakshiya party ki sthapana ki, jiska naam padaa “Swatantr labour party”. 1935 me, bharat Sarkar adhiniyam ke tehat ayojit aam chunao me  Dr. Ambedkar kul 17 seetein haasil kar swatantr labour party ka sath Bambai vidhan parishad ke sadasya chune gaye. (Who is the No 1 Scholar in world?)

unnisoo Adtis me jab congress Party ne ek bill pesh kia jis ka prasthav tha ki acchooto ko harijan yani hari ki santaan ka naam de diya jaye,to Ambedkar vipaksh se khade hue. Unhone ye keh kar bill ki ninda kii ki ek naam badal jane se achhooto ki sthiti nahi badal jayegi. Jab ruling party ne swatantr labour party ko bade antar se hara diya tab Ambedkar ke netratv me labour party assembly se bahar nikal ayi. Unhone shramik march nikala aur maang kii ki“Khoti System” ka unmoolan karne ke liye Dr Ambedkar ke bill ko manzoori mile. (Who is the No 1 Scholar in world?)

Usi varsh Ambedkar ne kai sabhao ka sambodhit kiya aur Ahmedabad aur Nasik ke manmad jile me railway karmchariyo ke beech unke hit me bole. Unhone Bombay assembly me Industrial Disputes bill ko bhi samarthan nahi diya jisne shramiko ke hadtaal karne ke adhikar par ankush lagane ki koshish ki thi. Unhone kaha ki agar swaraj hi humara janm siddh adhikar hai to karmchariyo ke hadtaal karne ka haq bhi unka janm sidh adhikar hai. Iske baad Unhone Building trust aur Scheduled Caste improvement trust ki bhi khoj ki.

Dalito ke haq ka bachav karne aur unke sath hui galtiyo ko sudharne, Dr Ambedkar British Sarkar aur vipakshiya partiyo se appeal karne London gaye. Constituent assembly me diye Apne pehle Bhashan me Dr. Ambedkar ne Bharat ko mazboot aur ekjut karne ka ahvaan kiya. Jab chhuachhoot ke unmoolan ke liye bharat ke samvidhan ke article 17 ko savidhan sabha me le jaya gaya aur paarit kiya gaya tab dalito ki suraksha par ki gayi ambedkar ki koshisho ne ek sakaratmak mod liya. Biography Of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

Bharat ki azaadi ke baad, Dr Ambedkar Bombay Legislature Congress Party dwara Constituent Assembly ke sadasya chune gaye the. Wo azaad bharat ke pehle kanoon mantri bane aur uske baad unhe drafting committee ke liye bhi chuna gaya jisme unhe 29 August 1947 me adhyaksh bhi chun liya gaya. October 1948 mein Unhone constituent assembly me sanvidhan ka pehla draft aage rakha. Constituent Assembly ne chhuachhoot ka unmoolan karne ke liye Article 17 ko chuna.

Fir 1949 mein Constituent Assembly ne sanvidhan ko swikara, jisey fir baad me 26 January 1950 me laagu kiya gaya. Dr Ambedkar jo tab kanoon mantri the, unhone hindu niji kanoon sudhar ke liye Hindu code bill ko bhi sansad ke saamne rakha. Usi varsh unhone finance commission of india ko sthapit kiya aur neechle varg ke logo ko income tax dene ka virodh kiya. Unhone bharat ki su-vyavastha ke liye kuch apoorv yogdan diye. (Who is the No 1 Scholar in world?)

Ambedkar ne Land Revenue Tax, Excise duty policies aur land reform me ek mehtvpoorn yogdan diya aur desh ki kul arth-vyavaatha me bhi. Azaadi ke andolano aur arthik badhotri me unke yogdan ke alawa, Dr Ambedkar ne birth control measures ki bhi vakalat ki jisey baad me Sarkar ne pariwar niyojan policy me shaamil kar liya.

Us bade neta ka ek bahut kam jana hua sach ye bhi hai ki wo Bauddh Dharm ke anuyayee thhe. Ek Dalit pariwar me janm lene ke bavjood, Ambedkar ne poore jeevan Bauddh dharm ki padhai kii. Unhone na sirf apne anuyayiyo ko isey apnane ke liye prerit kiya balki khud bhiBuddha ko poori tarah sweekar kiya. 1955 mein unhone Bhartiya Buddha mahasabha ki sthaapna ki. Biography Of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

Rashtriya andolano ke zyadatar netao ne azaadi ke sangharsh aur samaaj ke liye mahatvapoorn yogdan diye. Wo aise badlav laye jinki adhiktar kahaniya ya to zyadaa log jante nahi hain ya us baare mein baat nahi karte. Aaj hu aise neta ke bare me padhenge jo rashtra ke ek bade nayak hain. Unke yogdan bhi utne hi apoorv hain..

Biography Of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

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Biography Of Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

Biography Of A K Hangal

Hello friends, welcome to Indian Art & Culture. I hope all of you are safe at home. Today we are talking about a biography of an Indian actor as well as freedom fighter A K Hangal Sir. So let’s start…

Born on 1st February 1914. His name was Avtar Kishan Hangal. He is known to us as A K Hangal. The one who takes revenge is not related to anyone. He just takes revenge. A K Hangal was born in a Kashmiri Pandit family. Her father’s name was Pandit Hari Kishen Hangal. If the child is good then he will make his father famous. If he is bad then he will turn all his wealth into dust. He spent his childhood and youth in Peshawar. Here he started to act on stage. His ancestral home was actually inside Reti gate. Instead of telling me, you could have.. ..arranged it yourself by telling the Munim. And he became a part of India’s struggle for independence at a very young age. Yes, fight. But there is a way to fight. From 1929 to 1947 A K Hangal had… ..been a part of India’s struggle for independence. Biography Of A K Hangal (Avtar Kishan Hangal)

I have thought of dying while I am fighting. Why should I die when someone is trampling on me? This happened in 1936 when he joined.. ..a theater group called Shri Sangeet Priya Mandal. And was associated with the stage till 1946. And then I changed my name and appearance.. ..and started to work in this house as a servant. It was during this time when his father retired.. ..and his entire family came to Karachi from Peshawar. All his actions will be as per our rules and characteristics. After the partition of India

A K Hangal left Karachi for Mumbai. Because of the good position of Saturn and Jupiter.. ..in the next years, you will get a lot of money and honor. Here he joined the theater group IPTA. I was just checking some general things. In IPTA he worked with great actor Balraj Sahani.. ..and great poet Kaifi Azmi was also there. You were able because you were able. All these people used to follow Marxism. Biography Of A K Hangal (Avtar Kishan Hangal)

Biography Of A K Hangal (Avtar Kishan Hangal)

Dear, let me tell you that you shouldn’t say.. ..such things to others. It is also astonishing to know that because.. ..of his principles, A K Hangal was also imprisoned. There was a problem with Uranus. From 1949 to 1965 A K Hangal worked in plays.. ..connected to social issues. And enacted those plays through the IPTA theater group. On the 3rd of next month, the planets are meeting.

This means soon you will get a big project.. ..which would provide you with a lot of money. It is astonishing that A K Hangal who knew acting so well.. ..entered the film industry at the age of 50. And after that, there is just happiness. He started with Basu Bhattacharya’s film ‘Teesri Kasam’. In the year 1966. And then he was also seen in ‘Shagird’. I don’t know about that. But you should get it. Check on the fourth week of this month. Biography Of A K Hangal (Avtar Kishan Hangal)

In the 70s, 80s, and 90s he played the best of roles. Who knows how many families you have destroyed? Evil! Devil! Sikander! Don’t instigate the workers uselessly. You have to measure your strength before going on strike. She is my daughter. She had met with an accident. Whether it is Chetan Anand’s ‘Heer Ranjha’….or Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s ‘Namak Haram’. He was uncle Rahim in ‘Sholay’. And a naughty oldie in ‘Shaukeen’. When politicians will stop thinking of power… ..and pay heed to the welfare of the people. And the day the people will understand.. ..who their real leader is and finish the fake ones. This dream will be fulfilled on that day. It is astonishing to know that A K Hangal.. ..had worked with the greatest actors. And he had played the longest innings. I have not asked you for accounts. Do what I have told you to do. Whether it is Rajesh Khanna’s film ‘Bawarchi’.. ..or Aamir Khan’s ‘Lagaan’. Biography Of A K Hangal (Avtar Kishan Hangal)

A K Hangal played both positive and negative roles. Like in films ‘Manzil’ and ‘Prem Bandhan’. I had Rai Bahadur killed. By tempting the manager with diamonds. Rekha was also pushed into the lake because I said so. Talented A K Hangal was awarded Padma Bhushan.. ..by the Indian government After working for more than 200 films…..A K Hangal reached an age where his health was deteriorating. Even his financial condition was bad. And he was almost about to die. His son Vijay, who was a cameraman and.. ..a photographer was also very old.

When the other stars of the film industry came.. .. to know that A K Hangal is having financial issues. He is not even able to pay for his medicines. Then all artists who had worked with him.. ..moved towards him and helped Mr. Hangal. Whether it was Jaya Bachchan or the Artist association.Biography Of A K Hangal (Avtar Kishan Hangal)

In 2005 A K Hangal was seen in Amol Palekar’s ‘Paheli’. And then he was seen in a TV serial.. ..’Madhubala-Ek Ishq Ek Junoon’. A K Hangal had crossed 90 years of age. And he used to reach film sets on a wheelchair. Joy and contentment are not with the rich or in palaces. It resides in these small houses. It is in the hearts who understand others. And one day A K Hangal passed away. On 26th August 2012.

I am sick of the world. Life has become a burden. It is better for me to leave than to stay here. Though it was expected that A K Hangal.. ..would complete 100 years. But A K Hangal escaped his dire situations with death. When A K Hangal died it felt that.. ..and the entire era of Indian cinema had got over.

 

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Biography Of A K Hangal (Avtar Kishan Hangal)

 

 

Bihu Festival & Bihu Dance 2021

8

Bihu denotes a set of three different cultural festivals of Assam and celebrated by the Assamese diaspora around the world. Though they own their origins to ancient rites and practices they have taken definite urban features and have become popular festivals in urban and commercialized milieus in recent decades. – Bihu Festival & Bihu Dance 2021 bihu festival date in 2021

Bihu is also used to  Imply Bihu dance and Bihu folk songs. The Rongali Bihu or the Bohag Bihu is an important festival of Assam. The most important festivals of Assam are the Bihus, celebrated with fun in abundance by all Assamese people irrespective of caste, creed, and belief. The word Bihu is derived from the Language of the Dimasa people.

Bi means “to ask” and Shu means “peace”. The word Bishu gradually became Bihu to accommodate linguistic preferences. BIHU. In Assam, Rongali Bihu draws from many different traditions— Austro-Asiatic, Sino-Burmese, and Indo-Aryan—and is celebrated with great fervor. Celebrations begin in the middle of April and generally continue for a month. Bihu Festival & Bihu Dance 2021 bihu festival date in 2021

This is the traditional new year. In addition, there are two other Bihus: Kongali Bihu in October and Bhogali Bihu in January. Like most other Indian festivals, Bihu is associated with farming; as traditional Assamese society is predominantly agricultural. In fact, similar festivals are also celebrated around the same time elsewhere in India.

Bihu is also celebrated overseas by the Assamese community living in different countries around the globe. The three Bihus In a year there are three Bihu festivals in Assam – in the months of Bohaag, Maagh, and Kaati. The Bihus have been celebrated in Assam since ancient times. Each Bihu coincides with a distinctive phase in the farming calendar.

The most important and colorful of the three Bihu festivals is the Spring festival “Bohag Bihu” or Rongali Bihu celebrated in the middle of April. This is also the beginning of the agricultural season. Bihu is celebrated in all parts of Assam and by people belonging to all castes and religions.

We can thus say that Bihu is a secular festival that brings in humanity, peace, and brotherhood among the various castes and religions. Bohag Bihu Bohag Bihu, the most popular Bihu celebrates the onset of the Assamese New Year and the coming of Spring. This marks the first day of the Hindu solar calendar and is also observed in Mithila, Bengal, Manipur, Nepal, Orissa, Punjab, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu though called by different names. It’s a time of merriment and feasting and continues, in general, for seven days. Bihu Festival & Bihu Dance 2021 bihu festival date in 2021

Bihu Festival & Bihu Dance 2021

The farmers prepare the fields for cultivation of paddy and there is a feeling of joy around. The women make pitha, larus, and Jolpan which gives the real essence of the season. The first day of the bihu is called goru bihu or cow bihu, where the cows are washed and worshipped, which falls on the last day of the previous year, usually on April 14. This is followed by manuh Bihu on April 15, New Year Day. This is the day of getting cleaned up, wearing new clothes, and celebrating and getting ready for the new year with fresh vigor.

The third day is Gosai Bihu; statues of Gods, worshiped in all households are cleaned and worshiped asking for a smooth new year. The folk songs associated with the Bohag Bihu are called Bihugeets or Bihu songs. The form of celebration and rites vary among different demographic groups.

Rongali Bihu is also a fertility festival, where the Bihu dance with its sensuous movements using the hips, arms, etc., by the young women call out to celebrate their fertility. In this aspect, the Bihu dance can also be called a mating ritual by the young men and women. = The Seven days= Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu festival continues for seven days and called Xaat Bihu. bihu festival date in 2021

The seven days are known as Chot Bihu, Goru Bihu, Manuh Bihu, Kutum Bihu, Senehi Bihu, Mela Bihu, and Chera Bihu. full good ans Kongali Bihu Kongali Bihu has a different flavor as there is less merriment and the atmosphere has a sense of constraining and solemnity.

During this time of the year, the paddy in the fields are in the growing stage and the granaries of the farmers are almost empty. On this day, earthen lamps are lit at the foot of the household tulsi plant, the granary, the garden, and the paddy fields. To protect the maturing paddy, cultivators whirl a piece of bamboo and recite rowa-khowa chants and spells to ward off pests and the evil eye.

During the evening, cattle are fed specially made rice items called pitha. The Bodo people light lamps at the foot of the siju tree. This Bihu is also associated with the lighting of akaxi gonga or akaxbonti, lamps at the tip of a tall bamboo pole, to show the souls of the dead the way to heaven, a practice that is common to many communities in India, as well as Asia and Europe. Bhogali Bihu Bhogali Bihu comes from the word Bhog that is eating and enjoyment. Bihu Festival & Bihu Dance 2021

It is a harvest festival and marks the end of the harvesting season. Since the granaries are full, there is a lot of feasting and eating during this period. On the eve of the day called uruka, i.e., the last day of pausa, menfolk, more particularly young men go to the field, preferably near a river, build a makeshift cottage called Bhelaghar with the hay of the harvest fields and the bonfire or Meji, the most important thing for the night.

During the night, they prepare food and there is community feasting everywhere. There is also an exchange of sweets and greetings at this time. The entire night Is spent around a Meji with people singing Bihu songs, beating Dhol, a typical kind of drums, or playing games. Boys roam about in the dark stealing firewood and vegetables for fun.

Bihu Festival & Bihu Dance 2021

The next morning they take a bath and burn the main Meji. People gather around the Meji and throw Pithas and betel nuts to it while burning it at the same time. They offer their prayers to the God of Fire and mark the end of the harvesting year. Thereafter they come back home carrying pieces of half-burnt firewood for being thrown among fruit trees for favorable results. All the trees in the compound are tied to bamboo strips or paddy stems. Different types of sports like Buffalo-fight, Egg-fight, Cock-fight, Nightingale-fight, etc. are held throughout the day. Bihu Festival 2021 bihu festival date in 2021

There are other conventional festivals observed by various ethnic-cultural groups. Me-dam-me-phi, Ali-aye-ligang, Porag, Garja, Hapsa Hatarnai, Kherai are a few among them. The koch celebrates this bihu as pushna. All Assamese people around the world celebrate this tradition in the month of January as per the English calendar. The Uruka comes on 13 January followed by the Bihu on 14 January.

Instruments used in Bihu Dhol Taal Pepa Toka Baanhi Xutuli Gogona Bihu elsewhere Bihu is also seen to be celebrated abroad. Many Bihu associations/committees exist elsewhere where this festival is celebrated with enthusiasm.

The London Bihu Committee, UK is one of them amongst others. Related holidays in other cultures It coincides with the New Years in many other Southern Asian calendars, including Burmese New Year, or Thingyan Khmer New Year, or Chol Chnam Thmey Lao New Year, or Songkan/Pi Mai Lao Malayali New Year, or Vishu Odia New Year, or Maha Vishuva Sankranti Nepali New Year, or Bikram Samwat / Vaishak Ek Sinhalese New Year, or Aluth Avurudda Tamil New Year, or Puthandu Thai New Year, or Songkran Tuluva New Year, or Bisu Maithili New Year, or Jude Shital.

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Bihu Festival & Bihu Dance 2021

bihu festival date in 2021

20th Century India – 1901 To 1910

Hello friends, Welcome to Indian Art & Culture. Now we are going to starting the Series of 19th Century India. We are covered 100 Eventful Years of 19th Century India. Today we discuss the 1st part of 20th Century India – 1901 to 1910. so let’s start…

1901 – The Dawn of Nationalism

The sun rising in the 20th century saw a turning point in India’s struggle for freedom. The era of prayers and petitions to the British Government gave way to agitation for political rights and administrative reforms. 20th Century India – 1901 To 1910

The new Viceroy Lord Curzon was determined to stifle this rising tide of nationalism. He passed a series of repressive laws with utter disregard for the people’s feelings. The gulf between the rulers and the ruled widened.

1902 – West meets East

India mourned the premature death of one of her greatest saints and founder of the Ramakrishna Mission, Swami Vivekananda at the young age of 39.

Vivekananda was educated at a Christian college where he was exposed to Western philosophy, Christianity, and science. He devoted his life to working for social reforms such as eliminating child marriage and illiteracy and encouraging the care of the poor and the sick.

It was Vivekananda’s patriotic zeal and eloquence which made the Western world aware of India’s great spiritual and cultural heritage.

In 1893, he won thunderous applause at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago with his very first words, “Sisters and Brothers of America,” and boldly proclaimed that religions were not meant to spread hate and discord but to foster love and brotherhood.

The Ramakrishna Mission founded by Vivekananda in Calcutta after his return from America carries out educational and charitable work throughout India and has branches in Asia, Europe, and the United States. Belur Math, eight kilometers from Calcutta, is the international headquarters of the Ramakrishna Mission.

Its architecture represents a church, a mosque, and a temple when viewed from different angles. It is truly symbolic of Vivekananda’s universality of belief. His statue at Kanyakumari where the waters of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean merge, is a place of pilgrimage tor millions of people. India celebrates National Youth Day on January 12 every year, on the occasion of Vivekananda’s Jayanti.

1905 – The First Partition of Bengal

The Viceroy Lord Curzon considered the Presidency of Bengal too big and unwieldy for effective administration. So on July 19, 1905, he announced the Partition of Bengal into two provinces- Eastern Bengal and Assam with Dacca as the capital, and the rest of Bengal with Calcutta as the capital. When the Partition came into force on October 16, 1905, it was observed as a day of mourning throughout Bengal. 20th Century India – 1901 To 1910

Both Hindu and Muslim Bengalis felt that Lord Curzon’s aim was to break up their unity and stir up religious differences. huge processions were taken out in the streets to protest against the move. Mataram became the rallying cry and so fired the people that the government issued a circular banning the song in public places.

20th Century India

1905 – Swadeshi – A Call to ‘Buy Indian’

Bengal partition agitation assumed militant form on August 7, 1905, when thousands of The anti-people at a meeting in Calcutta resolved to boycott goods until the proposal in British Was partition withdrawn. Under the leadership of Surendranath Banerjee, a former ICS officer, the Swadeshi Movement, as it was called, became the symbol of resistance.

Public bonfires were made of British goods and shops selling them were picketed Swadeshi (use of Indian goods and boycott of British goods) became a major struggle for freedom. This led to a Bipin Chand spurt in demand for Indian-made textiles.

Nearly 200 “Swadeshi Mills’ sprang up in Mumbai and Ahmedabad manufacturing Swadeshi cloth. Another fiery nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal preached a relentless boycott of British goods, schools, and administration in his papers New India and Bande Mataram. The agitation in Bengal spreads dike wildfire affecting the whole country.

1906 – Birth of the Muslim League

Nawab Salimullah of the new province of Eastern Bengal invited Muslims from all over India to Dacca to form a political association of their own to rival the Hindu- dominated Indian National Congress, formed in 1885. Thus, on December 30, 1906, was born the All- India Muslim League.

The league supported the Partition of Bengal and aimed at safe- Nawab Salimullah by guarding the political and other rights of the Muslims. The British, who had encouraged the formation of the Muslim League, thus succeeded in their ‘divide and rule’ policy and in sowing the seeds of the partition of India, which later took place in 1947.

1908 – Youths Take to Arms

The bitterness caused by the Partition of Bengal led many youths to resort to arms. A number of secret societies sprang up in different parts of the country, particularly in Maharashtra and Bengal. They trained members, mostly students, in the use of firearms to terrorize the British officers.

In this, the Chapekar brothers and the Savarkar brothers in Maharashtra and Aurobindo Ghosh and his associates in Bengal were quite active. Their main method was to spread terror by assassinating unpopular British officials and their Indian agents. Attempts were made on the lives of the Lt.-Governor of Bengal and on the Viceroy.

On April 30, 1908, 16-year old Khudiram Bose” fired a shot at a district judge which accidentally killed two English women instead. He was caught, severely flogged, and hanged. 

1908 – The Alipore Conspiracy Case

Soon after, the discovery of a factory manufacturing bombs and explosives on the Outskirts of Calcutta led to the arrest of several persons who were accused of conspiracy against the state.

Aurobindo Ghosh, who was known tor his revolutionary activities, was also arrested tor inciting people through his writings. Their trial took place at took Place at Alipore, Calcutta, was POpulariy Known as the Alipore Case. 20th Century India – 1901 To 1910

Conspiracy Aurobindo Ghosh defended by Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, who said, “Aurobindo will be looked upon as a poet of patriotism, a prophet of nationalism and I lover of humanity.” After a lengthy trial, Aurobindo was acquitted. But during the year he spent in prison, he went through a spiritual transformation. He retired from pOncs n 1910 to found an ashram in Pondicherry and became one of Indias Aurobindo Was greatest spiritual leaders.

20th Century India

1909 – The Morley-Minto Reforms

Although the British Government was able to repress the terrorist attacks, it was convinced that the demand by Indians for power-sharing and constitutional changes had to be conceded. So the Indian Councils Act, popularly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms (named after the then Secretary of State, Lord Morley and the Viceroy, Lord Minto) was passed. 20th Century India – 1901 To 1910

For the first time, the principle of election was recognized, and the number of nominated and elected members in the  Central and Provincial councils increased. But the most unfortunate part of the Act was that it introduced communal electorates, that is, it conceded the Muslim demand for “separate electorates”, where members to the seats reserved for Muslims were to be elected by Muslim voters only. Was This was another step by the British Government to widen the gulf between the Hindus and the Muslims of India.

Faces Of The Decade – 1901 To 1910

Dr. Mahendralal Sircar, a physician, set up the first scientific research institution at Kolkata in 1876 known as the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science. Interestingly, it was here that C. V. Raman did most of his research to get the Nobel Prize.

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan founded the Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College which in 1920 became the Aligarh Muslim University. He got important European works translated into Urdu to enlighten Indian Muslims.

V.O. Chidambaram Pillai, a gallant leader of South India, founded The Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company at Tuticorin in 1906, in the wake of the Swadeshi Movement.

In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore founded an experimental school modeled on the ancient ideals of Gurukula at Santiniketan near Kolkata. T later developed into the Visvabharati University with the motto, “Where the world makes its home in a single nest.

Queen Victoria of Great Britain was also the Empress of India since 1876. In 1901, when she died Lord Curzon conceived of a memorial for her in Kolkata. Built-in white marble, the Victoria Memorial is a treasure house of relics of British rule in India. 20th Century India – 1901 To 1910

Raja Raja Ravi Varma of Kerala | (1848-1906) was the first Indian painter to acquire expertise in oil portrait technology. He was also the first to depict Hindu gods and goddesses on canvas. The demand for his works led to the birth of ‘Calendar Art (prints of paintings) and has shaped the way Hindus imagine their deities.

The world-famous Taj Mahal Hotel was opened in 1903 with 17 guests. Built by Jamshetji Tata, it was the first building in Mumbai to be lit by electricity.

 

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20th Century India – 1901 To 1910