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THE REAL KING OF WRESTLING THE GREAT GAMA (GHULAM MUHAMMAD BUTT)

Hello friends, welcome to Indian Art & Culture. Today we will be talking about The real King of the Wrestling The great Gama ( Ghulam Muhammad Butt). So let’s start…

The real king of  Wrestling… who had shown at the age of 17 that he is the uncrowned king of wrestling? His name is Ghulam Muhammad Butt. Whom everyone is known as the Great Gama. Yes. We are talking about the wrestler Gama. The wrestler who was an example of every powerful man. Do you think you are the wrestler Gama?

He was born on 22nd May 1878. The city of Amritsar.Though he came from a wrestling background. Gama was just 10 when there was a bet as to… who can do the most push-ups at a function in Jodhpur? And the 10-year-old Gama was counted among the top 15 wrestlers. And then the king of Jodhpur declared Gama the winner… because the courage he showed at the age of 10 was indeed praiseworthy. It would shock you how Gama used to prepare for a wrestling bout. He would wrestle with 40 wrestlers every day. He would do 5000 sit-ups and 3000 push-ups. His everyday diet was 15-liter milk and a whole load of almond paste. (The real King of the Wrestling The great Gama ( Ghulam Muhammad Butt)

THE GREAT GAMA PUSH UPTHE GREAT GAMA SIT UPS

At the age of 17 Gama challenged the then champion, Rahim Baksh Sultaniwala. The Rahim Baksh Sultaniwala hailed from Gujranwala… which became a part of Pakistan after 1947. Rahim Baksh was roughly 7 feet tall and the Gama was 5.7 feet long. They had a wrestling bout. It was a clash of the titans. Rahim Baksh Sultaniwala has passed his prime. But still, he gave the young Gama a run for his money and this bout proved to be a draw.

By 1910 Gama had defeated almost all the greatest wrestlers in his region.  When he went to London for the first time, he was not allowed to participate in wrestling. Then Gama threw a challenge, he told to Britishers get three great wrestlers of any category, I will throw them out within thirteen minutes. But no one volunteered to come for the wrestling, everyone thought he was joking. Then he again said come on and said if I lose I will pay all the prize money and I will leave. And one wrestler accepted his request and he has come after the other. The great Gama threw one out in 1 minute and 40 seconds.  In the second round, he throws in 9 minutes 10 seconds. And Gama had trounced around 12 international wrestlers in two days. The real King of the Wrestling The great Gama ( Ghulam Muhammad Butt)

Stanislaus Zbyszko
Stanislaus Zbyszko

And then Stanislaus Zbyszko who was among the best wrestlers in the world, The Great Gama had a bout with him and this bout was long. And Zbyszko’s condition was very bad during the bout with Gama. That he was on the defensive for almost two and a half hours. But later Zbyszko did not take the ring. And then Gama was declared the winner.

American Benzamine Roller, France Maurice Deriaz, European champion Johann Lemm, World champion Jesse Peterson. The great Gama was trounced by all of them.

Gama went head to head against Rahim Baksh Sultaniwala by and by. What’s more, this time after a long session Gama got successful. What’s more, at whatever point Gama would be approached to name his hardest rival, he would consistently take Rahim Baksh Su His fame spread far and wide. And the prince of Wales gave Gama a silver maze.

Gama came for the bout in 1928 at Patiala India, where everyone was waiting for Gama. He squared off against Zbyszko again. And this time Gama outdid himself. He beat Zbyszko in just forty-two seconds. Gama who never lost in wrestling, someone who defeated both national and international wrestlers. After the partition he shifted to Pakistan, Gama spent his last days in Lahore Pakistan.  The government gave him to land but still, he spent his last days in great poverty. (The real King of the Wrestling The great Gama ( Ghulam Muhammad Butt)

One of his huge fans G. D. Birla started a monthly pension of 2000 rupees. The government too gave him a pension of 300 rupees per month. It even volunteered to pay for his medicines for as long as he is alive. Gama was demise on 23rd May 1960. Even martial artists like Bruce Lee were greatly impressed by Gama’s daily routines. Bruce Lee excessively embraced a portion of his activity schedule. Ghulam Muhammad Butt was otherwise known as Gama Pehelwan was consistently triumphant, as was his name.

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THE REAL KING OF WRESTLING THE GREAT GAMA (GHULAM MUHAMMAD BUTT)

TOP 10 TALLEST STATUES OF INDIA

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Hello friends, welcome to Indian Art & Culture. Today we are talking about the top 10 tallest statues of India. So let’s start…

We know which is the highest statue in the world but do you know which statues are the Top and tallest in India? Let’s talk today, India’s biggest monument and idols. India’s acceptance and hospitality in the World is remarkable.Our greetings to the engineers and sculptures who created this and contributing to making these unique sculptures. These sculptures, while introducing our culture and history, keep their gratitude towards those great figures in mind Friends, many of these sculptures have been made by ancestors years ago but still standing in this environment, we can imagine that our ancestors used to create such beautiful artwork by using the complete wisdom, science, and mathematics, New engineers still gaze at these scriptures and statues and get surprised In our culture there is  a different significance of idol worship, With the Murthi worship not only the gods, are worshiped but also great personalities. so let us know about these statues and monuments of India.

10. Statue of Basava

Statue of Basava

Lord Basav was a social reformer who fought against the caste system. However, some foreign experts point out this fact that the caste system was not established in Basav’s time, and there was no person named Basav. But our history gives evidence of these great personalities He started public life with his creations, his compositions are called "vachan"(verse) Lord Basav is the leader of Lingayat society This statue of 33 meters in the Basavakalyan district of Karnataka is the tallest statue of Lord Basav in the world Its height was 33 meters and it was completed in 2014.

9. Hanuman Statue of Damanjodi

Hanuman Statue of Damanjodi

This Hanuman idol of 33.1 meters in Damangodi, Odisha state, is the second-largest statue of Lord Hanuman in the world It was completed in 2017 On the one hand, there is Gadda and on the other hand, giving blessings,  the tourists come from far away to see this idol In ancient times, Hanuman belonged to forest dwellers one of which was Hanuman Ji, and the whole vanarasena dedicated their life to Lord Rama. (top 10 tallest statues of India)

8. Adiyogi Shiva

Adiyogi Shiva

The feature of this Murthi is that this is the single largest statue of the world which shows the head appearance This statue has been recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records 500 ton of steel was used to build this statue of 34.2 meters in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu This idol signifies the ‘yoga’ because Lord Shiva is the proponent of ‘yoga’. For this reason, this idol has been given the name Adiyogi, In reality, Shiva signifies the God of the destruction of evil characters.

7. Shiva of Murundeshwar

Shiva of Murundeshwar

This is the largest Shiva statue  in India and the second largest Shiva idol in the world is seen in Murudeshwar district of Karnataka state The largest statue of Lord Shiva is located in Nepal The height of Murudeshwar Shiva idol is 37 meters Its work was completed in 2006. There is also a very old temple of Murudeshwar near this statue. It took about 2 years to build it. The statue is made so that the light of the sun directly on the Shiva statue. All four of the idols are decorated with gold. The story of Ravan’s self-esteem Is known to all of us Since Ganesh Ji has not heard the voice he kept the shiva linga below By seeing this the Ravan broke the Shiv Ling Into 2 pieces and one-piece fell on the Murudeshwar. (top 10 tallest statues of India)

6. Statue of Padmasambhava

Statue of Padmasambhava

This idol of the 37.5-meter height of Guru Rimpoche is found in Leelsar village of Himachal Pradesh which was completed in 2012. Rimpoche was the broadcaster of the eighth century Tantric Buddhist religion, which played an important role in Bhutan and Tibet. It is said that when a king named Mandi Arshadhar came to know that his daughter was taught by Guru Padma, he ordered that Guru Padma-Prabhu be burnt in Chita (fire) because at that time Buddhism was not very popular and It was seen in terms of apprehension and fear. A fire was formed on the same order which went burning up to 7 days.  This made a lake there, from which one of the lotus flowers appeared in the form of Guru Padmasambhava as a 16-year-old teenager.This lake is in today’s Rewalsar city, which is located in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh.

5. Meditation Buddha Murti

Meditation Buddha Murti

This statue is located in Amravati village of Andhra Pradesh and its height will be 38.1 meters This statue was completed in 2015 Due to its elevation, this statue is also visible from the Vijayawada-Hyderabad highway This idol is located on the Krishna river bank At the statue of this statue is a museum in which the importance of Buddhism and some of its events have been shown to be in very beautiful art. This idol is standing on eight pillars and indicates the Ashtanga path of Buddhism. This year, the plan of making a theme park ahead of this idol by the Andhra Pradesh Government will be implemented. (top 10 tallest statues of India)

4. Tathagata Tsal 

Tathagata Tsal

There is a Buddha park in the Raawangla district of Sikkim, where an idol of Lord Buddha’s 39-meter height will be seen which was completed in 2013 This place is also known from the Tathagat site. The term is often thought to mean either one who has thus gone or one who has thus come. Gate in the same way went. All the big celebrities from the Dalai Lama have come to see this idol.

 3. Thiruvalluvar Murti

Thiruvalluvar Murti

The statue of Thiruvalluvar will be found. which is 40.5 meters high in Kanyakumari of Tamil Nadu state Thiruvalluvar was a Tamil poet and philosopher The specialty of this idol is that on the bottom of the Thiruvalluvar statue you can see 133 stanzas from the Thirukkural book At the bottom, which is 11.5 meters, you will see 38 verses which describe the behaviors and characters And the remaining two sections of the idol have been described. In 3 fingerprints seem to mean the three things called Aram, Porum and Inambam, that talks about the meaning of of morality, wealth and love. (top 10 tallest statues of India)

2. Veer Abhay Anjanaye Hanuman Swami

veer Abhay Anjanaye Hanuman Swami
Image Credit: Patrika.com

 

Located in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, the height of this statue was 41 meters and it was built in 2003. It is called the highest Hanuman idols in the world. Friends, it is believed that Lord Shiva Ji was incarnated as Hanuman for teaching the society to serve the teachings of religion. his story is known to all of us by how Hanuman ji had sent Bhima to his power.

1. Statue of Unity

Statue of Unity

It is a matter of great pride for Indians that the memorial of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patelji, made in Gujarat this year, will be called the highest monument of the whole world or not only in India. It was unveiled by Prime Minister on October 31 Its height is 182 meters, which is two times more than that of the Statue of Liberty, The work of this monument started in 2013 and this monument was worth two thousand nine hundred and ninety million rupees The memorial of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Ji, who has resolved to maintain India in solidarity will be known as the Statue of Unity. (top 10 tallest statues of India)

Friends, these sculptures are created not only for tourism purpose, but they also teach us to get spiritual, yoga, peace, and salvation. There has been a widespread conflict in society when these monuments are built, someone says that spending so much on idols can be done on poor people. But if we look at it carefully, then it will come to understand that thousands of workers are required to make these idols and they get employment. Not only the workers, but Murthy’s terrain also becomes a tourist destination, and people get more employment from this area. Also, the effect of tourism is on the country’s GDP and our tourism will grow from such monuments and statues.

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TOP 10 TALLEST STATUES OF INDIA

TOP 10 ATTRACTIVE PLACES OF GUJARAT

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Hello friends, Welcome to Indian Art & Culture. Today we are talking about Top 10 attractive places of Gujarat. So let’s start…

Gujarat is a western state in India with a hint of white desert, longest shoreline, the home of Mahatma Gandhi, and the host to several temples and wildlife sanctuaries.

10.  Sun Temple – Modhera

It was built in the 11th century.  This is one of the most significant Sun temples. sanctum is positioned in a way that it receives the first rays of Morning Sun at Equinox.

9. Gir National Park – Junagarh

Gir is a forest and wildlife sanctuary. It is the sole home of the Asiatic lions and is considered to be one of the most important and protected areas in Asia due to its supported species. this park is very close to the beautiful lake name Nal Sarovar and also a famous for bird sanctuary

8.  Rani ki vav – Patan

It is located at Paten. This seven storied stepwell is an exceptional example of a distinctive form of subterranean water architecture. The elegance of this valve is represented in its pristine glory in the ornamental work. (Top 10 attractive places of Gujarat)

7. Sabarmati Ashram – Ahmedabad

Sabarmati Ashram is located on the banks of the river Sabarmati at Ahmedabad. This was one of the residences of Mahatma Gandhi. it is of great historic value as it was from here that Gandhi led the dandy March also known as the Salt Satyagraha.

6.  Jama Masjid – Ahmedabad

It is built-in 1424. This mosque is one of the most splendid ones in India. It’s built of beautiful yellow sandstone and carved with the intricate detail that mosques of this period are known for. It is located at Ahmedabad, a major city in Gujarat. (Top 10 attractive places of Gujarat)

5.  Akshardham temple – Gandhinagar

This specimen of fine craftsmanship is one of the largest temples in Gujarat built with 6,000 tons of pink sandstone. apart from its beauty, the main attraction is the laser water show the vibrant show employs fire fountain animations, laser, water screen projections, music, and live characters to present the Chicot is Story.

4.  Somnath Temple

Somnath Temple is an important pilgrimage destination. Somnath is one of the twelve jyotirlingas shrines of Lord Shiva. It is also a Triveni Sangam the joining of three rivers which is considered as very holy. it had been desecrated and vandalized repeatedly by invaders and every time it was rebuilt at the same site.(Top 10 attractive places of Gujarat)

3.  Dwarka

As for old legend Dwarka, the mesmerizing kingdom of Lord Krishna was once a city of gold which submerged to the bottom of the ocean after his death. Dwarkadhish temple Is a very popular pilgrimage site along with Rukmini Temple and Beit Dwarka to get a complete feel for this magical city.

2. Rann of Kutch

The Rann of Kutch is the largest salt desert in the world. The great Rann of Kutch is a sight to behold and is one of the must-sees destinations. During monsoon, it becomes an important staging ground for migratory birds and is also a popular breeding ground for flamingos. (Top 10 attractive places of Gujarat)

1. Laxmi Vilas palace

This magnificent and beautiful residence of the royal family of the Roda was built by Maharaja Sayajirao Gayakwad three in 1890. This architectural wonder is reputed to have been the largest private dwelling built to date and is four times the size of Buckingham Palace.

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  TOP 10 ATTRACTIVE PLACES OF GUJARAT

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PADMAVATI GHOOMMAR AND REAL GHOOMMAR ?

Hello friends, welcome to Indian Art & Culture. Today we are talking about the Difference between Padmavati Ghoommar and Real Ghoommar. So let’s start…

Khamma Ghani to all viewers  Khamma means Blessing and Ghani means lots of.  so. Khamma Ghani means Lots of Blessing and it is a form of greeting in Rajasthan. Every part of Rajasthan is unique and its culture is incredible. Ghoomar is also part of the incredible culture of Rajasthan Ghommar’s song from Padmavati movie was recently released  …which was quite popular but also created lots of controversies. It created controversy because the choreographed dance.. ..sold in the name of Ghoomar is not real Ghoomar This is just a dance sequence choreographed by Kruti Mahesh, ..Choreographed dance has been copied from many traditional dances of Rajasthan. For example Chari, Bhavi, Kalbeliya, and also Ghoomar, And it has been remixed with glamour. but the history of Ghoomar is such that nobody will tolerate any deviation.

culture of Rajasthan Ghommar padmavati movie

The story starts thousands of years back when Jaipur was known as Amer Kachhwaha Rajput clan used to rule Amer in those times. There was a kind of animosity between Rajput and a tribal community called Bhills. In a battle between Rajput and Bhills, Rajput defeated Bhills. But Bhill is also a martial tribe and never hesitates from fighting and dying. Although, Bhills were defeated in this battle both sides faced massive destruction. Many lost their lives and thus both sides decided to end animosity…. .. and will respect each other’s culture.. and this is how Rajput got to know about Ghoomar in cultural exchange from Bhills. Mesmerized with grace and simplicity,  Ladies of the royal family accepted Ghoomar with open heart   With time it spread across all cities of Rajasthan. (Difference between Padmavati Ghoommar and Real Ghoommar).

Such as Udaipur, Jodhpur, Kota, Bundi. Ghoomar varies from city to city, For example, Ghoomar of Jodhpur has the influence of Garba of Gujarat But all versions of Ghoomar has one thing in common that it does not have obscenity Ghoomar’s steps are very graceful Nowadays Ghoomar is performed on a special occasion … like festivals and religious functions But its importance increases on the eve of teej (A festival for the well-being of family) But it is most interesting on the welcome ceremony of a newlywed woman in her new home. These kinds of Ghoomar is celebrated in the gathering of closely related woman.

culture of Rajasthan Ghommar padmavati movie

The interesting part is Ghoomar’s competition between the newlywed woman and her sister in law Ghoomar shown in Padmavati movie is not even close to the real Ghoomar. But in fact, it has been copied from many traditional dances of Rajasthan. Which has also been glamorized? This is the cause of the remorse of common people for Padmavati movie. The real Ghoomar can be seen in twirling women at the back. Or this Ghoomar video from Vina Music.  In this, women wear long skirts and dance in swirling motion. Traditional clothes of Rajasthan (Phoshak) have also been messed up with. These are real Rajasthani Poshak In Ghoomar veiled women wearing long colorful skirts dance in swirling motion. Clothes are very colorful and the shiny Simplicity of Ghoomar is the beauty of this traditional dance. (Difference between Padmavati Ghoommar and Real Ghoommar).

These dancing women with firepot on their head is actually performing… …another traditional dance of Rajasthan called Chari. This is popular among Gujjar and Saini Community of Ajmer and Kishangarh in Rajasthan. This is a form of Acrobatic dance in which women dance with clay or brass pot (Chari) on their heads. Chari dance is dedicated to women of Rajasthan who have to fetch water in a pot on their head. The audience feels a sense of respect for art, balance, and discipline of the women performing chari.

culture of Rajasthan Ghommar padmavati movie

The dance shown in Padmavati movie is not even purely chari. Steps have been copied from another traditional dance of Rajasthan called Bhavai. Which gives a sensuous touch to Padmavati movie dance There is another dance in Rajasthan, as graceful as Ghoomar. and it’s called Kalbeliya. Its name is derived from the name of the Tribe that performs it. Most of whom are snake charmers. as opposed to Ghoomar it has a bit of sensuous touch to it. Even then the whole act looks very graceful. In these women wearing long, black Ghaghra dance on the tune of been (a woodwind instrument). The dancing women try to imitate the gait of the snake which looks fabulous. This step of Deepika resembles more to Kalbeliya than Ghoomar. (Difference between Padmavati Ghoommar and Real Ghoommar).

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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PADMAVATI GHOOMMAR AND REAL GHOOMMAR

Alauddin Khilji – A Bisexual Emperor – real story of Padmavat Movie

Hello, friends welcome to Indian Art & Culture. Today we are talking about the real story of Padmavat Movie. ( Alauddin Khilji – A Bisexual Emperor – real story of Padmavat Movie). So lets’ start…

Allauddin was the most powerful ruler of the Khilji Dynasty. But he did not inherit the throne of Delhi Sultanate. He was the son of the elder brother of Jalaluddin, the founder of the Khilji Dynasty. ..And also his son-in-law He conspired and murdered his uncle and father-in-law, Jalaluddin. .and captured the throne of Delhi Sultanate. You might have read all these in History books. But do you know he had 70,000 women, men, and children in his harem? Yeah! you heard right men and children too.

Alauddin Khilji
Alauddin Khilji

In those days when India was ruled by Afghans and Turks, it was a common practice in the ruling class. According to Wikipedia, ‘Bacha Bazi’ is still a common practice in some places in Afghanistan. Afghan Police are unable to stop it because people involved are powerful War Lords. In Alauddin’s harem, there was a eunuch named Malik Kafur. Alauddin had not only physical relation with Malik Kafoor… ..but he also started to love him. And this was the reason why Alauddin named Malik Kafur as his military general.. even when everyone was suggesting not to. But this same Malik Kafur conspires and murders Alauddin in the end. Alauddin Khilji – A Bisexual Emperor – real story of Padmavat Movie

Despite the huge harem, Alauddin Khilji developed an infatuation for Queen Padmavati. It is said about Rani Padmavati that she was very beautiful. It is believed that Maharaja Ratan Singh, king of Chittor Garh.. ..won Queen Padmavati in a ‘Swamvar’ by showing his might and intelligence. The source of whatever we know about Rani Padmavati  is a book called ‘Padmavat’… …which was written by a poet named Malik Muhammad Jaisi in 1540 ad. After this, in 1589AD Hemratan wrote a book named Gora Badal Padmini Chaupai... ..where we find the Rajput version of the story. The stories of both books are the same, with the same characters… .with the only difference is the plot of the story. (Alauddin Khilji – A Bisexual Emperor – real story of Padmavat Movie)

Alauddin Khilji
Image Credit: Naukrinama.com

This story of Alauddin and Padmavati is quite interesting. It is said that Alauddin came to know about the beauty of Padmavati.. ..through a Priest of Chittorgarh. That Brahmin was named Raghav Vyas He was banished by king Ratan Singh for his fraudulent acts. Mesmerized by the beauty of Queen Padmavati,… ..Alauddin decided to invade fort of Chittor. Alauddin was defeated in the first battle… thereafter he plans to get Padmavati through trickery. Alauddin puts a condition for a peace treaty that he wants to see Rani Padmavati for once. After this, Ratan Singh also had a condition that he can watch Padmavati only in the mirror. After Allauddin had seen Padmavati in the mirror, Ratan Singh was escorting Alauddin to the doors of the fort… ..where Allauddin’s soldiers arrest him deceitfully.

Jallandharnath_and_the_Princess_Padmini_fly_over_King_Padam's_palace,_folio_from_the_Suraj_Prakash,_Amardas_Bhatti,_1830_(Samvat_1887)

Allauddin demanded Padmavati to release King Ratan Singh Two brave Rajput warriors Gora and Badal of Chittorgarh had a secret plan.. to bring back Ratan Singh without surrendering Queen Padmavati. Allauddin was informed that. .. Queen Padmavati with 700 other women will be sent to Delhi. But those 700 palanquins had the best Rajput warriors of Chittorgarh. Badal and Ratan Singh were successful in escaping Delhi. But Gora dies fighting the army of Alauddin.  Infuriated Alaudding invades the Chittorgarh fort once again. And this time the Chittorgarh army has to face defeat. (Alauddin Khilji – A Bisexual Emperor – real story of Padmavat Movie)

All men along with Ratan Singh die fighting…. .. and all women along with Padmavati self immolate themselves to avoid disrespect. But modern historian like Prof. Irfan Habib believes that the…. .. the story of Padmavati is a pure work fiction. He believes that both were present in different timelines of history. The historians believe that Alauddin attacked Chittorgarh in 1303… ..and succeeded after eight months of military siege. which was just part of his bigger campaign to bring the entire Indian sub-continent under his rule. But contradictory to what historians say,… ..the proof of Jauhar or Self-immolation can be seen even today. Alauddin not only invaded Chittorgarh but.. .. but also attacked and captured the Rajput kingdoms of Mewar, Ranthambore, Warangal, and Gujarat.

ALAUDDIN KHILJI DESTINY
ALAUDDIN KHILJI DESTINY

In 1299AD in the Gujarat invasion, Allauddin’s military general. …Nusrat Khan bought a slave boy and converted him into Islam. Later he was named Malik Kafur. The boy was so attractive in appearance that Alauddin liked it at a glance. There is no information about whether Malik Kafur was already a eunuch or.. …Alauddin castrated him due to his sexual preferences. ..but it is certain that Malik Kafur took great advantage of Alauddin’s weakness about him. As a military commander, Malik Kafoor was as cruel as Alauddin. He helped Alauddin win kingdoms of South India. (Alauddin Khilji – A Bisexual Emperor – real story of Padmavat Movie)

In1308, Malik Kafur invaded Devagiri; seeing the amount of wealth Looted.. ..Alauddin took the decision to invade the rest of the southern kingdom. It is believed that the amount of wealth looted from .. ..Dwarasamudra and Pandya’s kingdom was so huge that… ..it took thousands of horses and elephants to send it to Delhi. Allauddin had never looked so much wealth together in one invasion. Alauddin’s cruelty can be judged by the fact that.. ..when he doubted that 30000 newly converts Mongols are conspiring against him.. ..he ordered to kill all of them in one day and.. ..enslaved their 30000 women into his harem. Alauddin not just killed non-Muslims, but. …also massacred the Ismaili Shia minorities in 1311.. ..accusing them of incest.

TOMB OF ALAUDDIN KHILJI
TOMB OF ALAUDDIN KHILJI

Alauddin was a Sunni Muslim and he imposed.. ..several types of taxes or jazia for being non-Muslims. He destroyed several temples including .. Somnath, Bhilsa, Devgiri, Vijapur, Chidambaram, and Madurai.. ..and looted a lot of wealth and gold from it. The end of the story of Alauddin was similar to his emergence to power. In the end, Malik Kafur conspires and murders Alauddin and.. ..takes possession of the Delhi sultanate with deception. After this, he names a son of Alauddin as a puppet king and becomes powerful. But his happiness did not last long. Alauddin had another son Mubarak Shah who was in captivity of Malik Kafur. Mubarak Shah with his loyal soldiers.. ..kill Malik Kafur and all his associates in the end. 

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TOP 10 MOST FEARSOME KINGS OF INDIA

Hello, friends welcome to Indian Art & Culture. Today we are talking about the top 10 fearsome Kings of India. So let’s start…

The land of India has given birth to many great kings who have not only ruled but also shaped the history of India. Who doesn’t like History, I find India’s history is very interesting and I get very excited to know more about it. You heard it, right guys, today’s topic is on the Top 10 Most Fearsome Kings Of India. So let’s start

10. Maharana Amar Singh

Maharana Amar Singh was the eldest son of Maharana Pratap and he was born in the year 1559 in Chitor, Same year when his grandfather Uday Singh laid the foundation of Udaipur Maharana Amar Singh was the 13th ruler of Mewar Dynasty of Sisodiya Rajputs and he was given training in military warfare and weapons since he was a kid and that resulted in Maharani Amar Singh fighting and winning many battles alongside his father and becoming a great warrior of that era. Guys, it’s been said that Amar Singh killed Sultan Khan the commander of the Mughal empire, and won the territories of Mewar, famously known as the Battle of Dewar. He became the real king of Mewar and won many battles against Mughals. But in the year 1615, Amar Singh signed a treaty with Mughals to end the war and after five years he died in the year 1620. Such was his empire.

9. Tipu Sultan

Tipu Sultan

Tipu sultan was born in the year 1750 at Devnahalli, In the present day, it’s a rural district of Bangalore. During that time Hyder Ali, the father of Tipu Sultan was the ruler of The Kingdom of Mysore who taught Tipu sultan everything from Urdu, Farsi, Arabic, Quran, Kannada, and apart from all this shooting and fencing too. Guys, it’s been said that merely at the age of 15 Tipu sultan helped his father in the first battle of Mysore against the British raj, and after this he was called by the name of Sher-e- Mysore, and not just first but he took part in the second anglo Mysore war and won the battle against the Britisher’s and for coming years he became one fearless king and he was also credited as the pioneer of rocket technology.

8. Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya

Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya

Hindu ruler of our very own Delhi, guys I am from Delhi and I had no idea about him that he was the ruler of Delhi from 1501 to 1555. Samrat Hem Chandra also is known as Hemu was the general of Adil Shah Suri of the Suri Dynasty in 16th century CE, When the Mughals and the afghans were trying to establish their kingdom in Delhi. Guys, it is been said that Samrat hem Chandra fought in 22 battles against the afghans from Punjab to Bengal and against Mughal forces of Akbar in Delhi and he won all the 22 battles and he was honored by the royal status for winning against Mughal forces in the battle of Delhi. Guys it’s been said in the battle of Panipat he got injured by an arrow in his eyes and still continued to fight against the Mughal forces.

7. Rajendra Chola

Rajendra Chola

Chola empire of south India, present-day Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and some parts of Karnataka and Telangana are where all he ruled in south India. Not done yet guys, he became the greatest and the only warrior of that time by conquering territories outside India; parts of Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Maldives. It’s said that he was one of the greatest emperors, He also made the Chola empire, India’s most powerful empire. Very good Chola Ji you’ve marked your footprints.

6. Shivaji Bhonsle

Shivaji Bhonsle

Chhatrapati Shivaji also is known as Shivaji Bhonsle was one of the greatest warriors and kings of all time. Shivaji Bhonsle established the Maratha empire under the nose of Mughals. Guys, it’s been said that one time Shivaji went to war with Mughals, Bijapur sultanate, Golconda sultanate and even European colonial powers at the same time to strongly build the Maratha empire. Shivaji was born in shivering near the city of Junnar, present-day Pune. Till today Feb 19th is celebrated as Shivaji Jayanti as a holiday. Shivaji built and run the Maratha empire in a very disciplined and well-structured administration. It’s been said that Shivaji was famous for his unparalleled guerilla tactics and won many wars against his enemies. He laid a strong foundation later on in which Baji Rao handled the pride and power of the Maratha empire.

5. Peshwa Bajirao

Peshwa Bajirao

Peshwa Bajirao served as a general to Maratha Chhatrapati Shahu from the year 1720 till death. Baji Rao was born in the year 1720 in the Bhat family, his father Balaji Vishwanath was the first Peshwa of the Maratha empire, and at the age of 20, Baji Rao was named the new Peshwa of Maratha empire. Guys, it’s been said that in his battle career of 20 years baji Rao never lost a battle. As we are talking about the number he fought 35 battles. At the age of 12 he fought in his first battle, Baji Rao is famous for his tactical innovation and he became the number 1 battle strategist at his time. Battle of palkhed was baji Rao’s masterpiece of battle strategy against the Mughals and rest is history. Even though he was a general he was treated like a king and that’s why I included him in this list.

4. Maharaj Ranjeet Singh

Maharaj Ranjeet Singh

Ruler of Sikh Empire Maharaja Ranjeet Singh, I am sure guys you must have heard about him if not then we will tell you. Maharaja Ranjeet Singh was born in the year 1780 in Gujranwala’s Majha region of Punjab present-day Pakistan. Ranjeet Singh ruled northwest Indian in the 19th century and he fought his first battle at the age of 10 alongside his father. After his father’s demise, he fought many battles to expel the afghans, the battle of 1813, 1823, 1834, and 1837 which made afghans run away from India, and he was named the Maharaja of Punjab. Not just this, Maharaja Ranjeet Singh introduced many new reforms like modernization, investment in infrastructure, general prosperity You guys won’t believe but his Khalsa army had Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims and even Europeans. Are you guys enjoying, the list is getting interesting. 

3. Samudragupta

Samudragupta
Image Credit: indiantimes.com

Samudragupta was the ruler of the Gupta empire and it’s been said that Samudra Gupta is also known as the founder of the Gupta era. Samudragupta’s unique tactical abilities in the war gave him the name of “The Napoleon of India”. Samduragupta ruled major parts of India for 40 years. People used to say that he was not just a great warrior but also a brilliant diplomat and administrator and other than this he was interested in literature and art. Samduragupta’s empire was so strong that he had 3 different coins made under his empire.

2. Chandragupta Maurya

Chandragupta Maurya

Founder of Maurya Empire the great Chandragupta Maurya was born in C. 340 BCE and it’s been said that he was handpicked and counseled by the great Chanakya The author of Arthashastra. Chandragupta later made the largest empire on India’s subcontinents and later he renounced it all and became a monk and started following Jainism. Chandragupta and his teacher Chanakya made an army together during the time of war because Alexandra the great attacked on India’s northwest subcontinents with his army. Chandragupta and Chanakya made an alliance with the local rulers of those areas and incoming 2 years he defeated all the Greek ruled cities and build a strong Maurya empire which was handled by his son Bindusara.

1. Ashoka the Great

Ashoka the Great

Ashoka is the greatest Indian emperor of all time and ruled on almost all the subcontinents of India. Now guys must have watched the Bollywood movie Ashoka in which shah rukh khan played the role of Ashoka. Ashoka was the ruler of Maurya dynasty, son of Bindusara and Grandson of Chandragupta Maurya. He ruled India from C. 268 RO 232 BCE, now I don’t know how to calculate the years but I think it’s roughly around 30-35 years. It’s been said that Ashoka’s commanding power, personality, military tactics made him the greatest emperor of all time. Guys Maurya empire’s army even said that Ashoka started as a ruthless conquering emperor and if it wasn’t for renunciation he would’ve become even greater than Alexander the Great. But his path was different and years of bloodshed and ruthless killing changed him into a pacifist and after he conquered Kalinga, present-day Odhisa. He started practicing Buddhism. 


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10 BIGGEST SCAM IN INDIA

Hello, friends Welcome to Indian Art & Culture. Today we will tell you about the 10 biggest scams in India post Independence which we have suffered so much that the country has suffered a lot and this scam has not been forgotten so far.

10. Indian coal allocation scam

Indian coal allocation scam
Image Credit: Youtube, The case study channel

when Manmohan Singh was in power in 2012 The Manmohan Singh the government was accused that   the PSU and private companies had misallocated coal deposits without the competitive bidding by the government. The amount of this allocation was Rs 186000 lakh crore     There have been many scams in India,

9. 2G spectrum  scam

2G spectrum  scam
Image Credit: businesstoday.in

2G spectrum is the largest scam.     Keeping the rules of the process of licensing allocation of this integrated entry service former telecom minister A Raja had done the scam Apart from them, M.K. Kanimozhi and many telecoms companies are also involved in this matter In 2008, this was a suspected scam, which was worth 176000 lakh crores. – 10 biggest scams in India 

8. 2012 Wakf Board Land Scam

2012 Wakf Board Land Scam
Image Credit: Vicky Nanjappa

The Wakf Board is a charitable institution established for the help of a poor Muslim community on which Anwar Manipadi, who was the President of the Karnataka State Minority Commission presented a report, which stated that 27000 acres of land which were waqf It were controlled by the board it was allocated by the board and the leaders to the government workers at a very low price. The value of the land was about 150000 lakh crores.  

7. Commonwealth Games 2010: The Commonwealth Games scam

Commonwealth Games 2010: The Commonwealth Games scam

In this case, half of the amount which was allocated 70000 crore for the game was not spent   The Central Vigilance Commission was also involved. in the scam in which the purchase of equipment has manipulated the value of the equipment was shown increased It was a huge loot. – 10 biggest scams in India 

6. Telgi scandal of 2002

Telgi scandal of 2002
Image Credit: Youtube, FinnovationZ.com

The scandal was carried out in a secretive and dramatic way to make money in every denomination. The mastermind of this scam was Mind Abdul Telgi, who had mastered the art of printing of fake stamp papers. It was sold to banks and other institutions in which he was supported by government departments his infiltration reach spread to 12 states. The amount of his scam was estimated to be around 20000 crores. 

5. Satyam scam of 2009

Satyam scam of 2009
Image Credit: The Hindu

Satyam is the biggest fraud in the history of corporate history, in which Ramalinga Raju, former chairman of the company, for several years tampered with the accounts of the company’s accountants, raising Satyam’s revenue and profit figures, kept everyone in the dark Was there Due to this scam Satyam’s investors and shareholders had to face heavy losses The amount of scam in the company was Rs. 14000 crores. Raju was also imprisoned and fined for the scam. Tech Mahindra later took an important role in the company’s acquisition and reinstate Satyam. – 10 biggest scams in India 

4. Bofors scam of the 1980s and 1990s

Bofors scam of the 1980s and 1990s

The Bofors scam was a major corruption scandal it was a scam related to India’s defense service and India’s security interests Scam was done between Sweden’s Bofors company AB in which the then prime minister Rajiv Gandhi Hinduja accused of taking a bribe (NRI Family) and many others were involved in this. This bribe was taken for the supply of India’s 155 mm Field Howitzer which was disclosed by the Swedish State Radio scam done by Sweden’s largest manufacturer Bofors. under a secret mission by state Radio by submitting its report The amount of this scam was up to 100 to 200 crores.

3. Fodder scam of 1990

Fodder scam of 1990
Image Credit: India Today

This is Bihar’s most discussed scandal The allegations of fodder scam was felt by the then Bihar minister Lalu Prasad Yadav, who had been taken into custody even after the charges were proved but were later released on bail.{Now Jailed} The money to be spent on animal husbandry, equipment, medicines were used in this scam and sum up to Rs 900 crore  – 10 biggest scams in India 

2. Hawala scam from 1990 to 1991

Hawala scam from 1990 to 1991
Image Credit: India Mirror

The Hawala case was $ 18 million in which the country’s leading leaders were accused of taking bribe through hawala brokers, which was exposed in 1996.   Lal Krishna Advani was also the name of those accused, who was then the leader of the opposition. The amount of this scam was Rs. 100 crores.

1. Harshad Mehta and Ketan Parekh Stock Market scandal of 1992

Harshad Mehta and Ketan Parekh Stock Market scandal of 1992

Many people were affected by this scam Investors can never forget the Rs 4,000-crore Investors can never forget the Rs 4,000-crore Harshad Mehta scandal and the stock worth 1000 crore rupees, Ketan Parekh’s scam. This scam jointly damaged an amount of 5000 million rupees.  – 10 biggest scams in India 

Even after India’s independence, it is not untouched by dubious scandals like corruption In the Indian court, cases of corruption are still pending. The perpetrators of most scandals are very big if the proceedings slow down, then the possibility of such criminals will be escalated. These can be reinforced by making the judicial system tough.

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10 BIGGEST SCAM IN INDIA

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